Individualist Cultures Vs Collectivist Cultures
Focus questions for Adelaide Lunchtime
Seminar, 8 December 2018
Note: About Focus Questions: a) Please read them before you come to the meetup. Think about them so you have more than "instant opinions" to offer. b) Feel free to add more focus questions. c) THE FOCUS QUESTIONS ARE JUST A MENU TO CHOOSE FROM. From this menu we can discuss whatever seems interesting. d) Focus questions are not intended to push one viewpoint! You can adopt any position you wish. We actually like friendly disagreement - it can lead to deeper understanding.
Comments & Extra Reading
Thor May (2001) "Individualism or the Group?" Academia.edu @ https://www.academia.edu/2333623/Individualism_or_the_Group
Thor May (2001 ) ""When Is It Rude To Be
Rude? - Politeness Across Cultures and Subcultures - 언제 무례하여
무례해지는가?" Academia.edu @
Thor May (2003) "Korean, American and Other Strange Habits - You Do It Your Way - two books reviewed" Academia.edu @ https://www.academia.edu/2044672/Korean_American_and_Other_Strange_Habits_-_You_Do_It_Your_Way_-_two_books_reviewed
Thor May (2010) "Cultural Operating Systems
– Thoughts on Designing Cultures" Academia.edu @
Thor May (2013) "Ethical Behaviour is Harder
for the Rich". The Passionate Skeptic website @
Thor May (2014) "Are we too wealthy?". The
Passionate Skeptic website @
Madhu => I found this link where you can
check or compare cultural characteristics of different countries
such as individualism, power distance etc.
Thor May => Cultures are mostly organic - they grow without much conscious direction from anyone over long periods of time. But what happens when a synthetic, mass organization like a religion (e.g. the Catholic Church) or a one party nation-state (e.g. PRC China) decides to impose 'collective' social arbitration on everyone? Inevitably there will be some individual injustice, but for a common good? Perhaps sometimes. But the arbitrary and uninformed decisions of such leadership are also prone to mass catastrophe for the majority. A relevant outcome for such imposed ruling is China's one child policy: Audrey Jiajia Li (30 November 2018) "Can the Communist party get out of China’s bedrooms now, please?" The Guardian @ https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2018/nov/29/communist-party-china-bedroom
Jared Diamond (1991, 2006) "The Third
Chimpanzee: The Evolution and Future of the Human Animal". Wikipedia
[Thanks Madhu for the reference]. Published by Harper. Volume at
Koshal (September 27, 2011) "Difference
Between Collectivism and Individualism". DifferenceBetween website @
[comment: This is rather over-simplified]
Wikipedia (2018) "Collectivism". Wikipedia @
Wikipedia (2018) "Individualism". Wikipedia
Thor May => Perhaps the most famous
expression in English literature of the need to belong to a group is
John Donne's (1572-1631) poem
"No Man Is An Island"
A while ago, for fun, I composed a mirror
poem to John Donne's work:
"Each Man is an Island"
Gary D. Gregory and James M. Munch (1996)
,"Reconceptualizing Individualism-Collectivism in Consumer
Behavior", in NA - Advances in Consumer Research Volume 23, eds. Kim
P. Corfman and John G. Lynch Jr., Provo, UT : Association for
Consumer Research, Pages: 104-110. @
Liz Gold (June 27, 2018) "Collectivism vs.
Individualism in the Workplace" Bizfluent website @
Psychology Wiki "Collectivist and
individualist cultures" @
[comment: heavy on stereotypes. Treat with caution]
Collectivist Cultures" Psychology Today
Anamaria Knight (n.d.) "I or We? How
Individual- or Group-Orientation Influences Cultures…and Education"
Small Planet Studio @
Thor May (2015) "So You Love Humanity But Can’t Stand People?" - Humanity, when assembled as a state, also finds it hard to tolerate the individual. When should collective interests (e.g. those of a state) override the interests of individuals? Example: Many Americans see “the right to bear arms” as a triumph of individual rights over the collective rights of the state. The Passionate Skeptic website @ http://thormay.net/unwiseideas/collective.htm
Thor's own websites:
1. articles at http://independent.academia.edu/ThorMay ;
2. legacy site: http://thormay.net .
Individualist Cultures Vs Collectivist Cultures (c) Thor May 2018 return to Ddiscussion